One of the most severe conditions of respiratory problems is Asthma, which is a chronic disease which strikes the young and/or old with no warning whatsoever. The patient suddenly has trouble breathing along with wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Research has shown that this condition is usually caused by the inflammation of the airway or bronchial tubes which conducts air in and out of the lungs. Asthma patients have been known to have their airways inflamed most of the time, but what causes this condition and how it is triggered is being researched by organizations like the EAACI. Varying Symptoms The EAACI or the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology is spending a big part of their research and development on collecting data and clinical data to identify, treat, and manage asthma better till someone comes up with a cure. Symptom for asthma flare-ups vary from patient to patient, but the most common ones are shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness, coughing, and lack of sleep due to wheezing. Studies into allergy asthma and immunology treatment are gaining ground, but there are far too many triggers to come up with an answer at the present time. Immunology deals with how the body’s immune system reacts at ordinary times and when it is attacked by a disease. Immunology Checking with an immunologist is one way to ensure that the patient has the necessary medication to fight against a sudden attack of asthma; they will also try and find out the possible triggers that brought about the attack. There are lots of tests that need to be done for allergy asthma and immunology treatments, like spirometry which tests lung capacity, and gives the doctor an idea of the severity of the asthma; it is also used to find out if the medications given are working by checking spirometry readings before and after medication use. However, many of the asthma sufferers around the world tend to have allergic triggers which stimulate the asthma attack. Extensive Research This may involve a referral to an immunologist who will try and shortlist the triggers causing the asthma attack, and help the patient avoid those. The EAACI is working very hard through research, seminars, and workshops to bring together experts in allergies, immunologists, and clinicians working and researching asthma patients in an effort to find a solution to this international problem. At the present time, allergy asthma and immunology treatment centers on inhaled corticosteroids as well as a long-acting beta-agonist which helps to open up airways immediately; however, there are inherent risks with these medications too. Researchers hope that through extensive studies of the immune system, they may come up with a cure for asthma.